Axillary hyperhidrosis, commonly known as excessive underarm sweating, presents a challenging condition characterized by an abnormal increase in perspiration that exceeds the body's normal requirements for temperature regulation. This issue goes beyond mere discomfort, often causing embarrassment and significantly impacting daily activities and overall quality of life.
At the crux of axillary hyperhidrosis lies the overactivity of sweat glands in the underarms. While sweating is a vital bodily function for temperature control and toxin elimination, this condition involves an excess that is not attributable to poor hygiene but is typically associated with genetic factors or certain medical conditions.
Individuals grappling with axillary hyperhidrosis often contend with issues such as wet clothing, social embarrassment, and emotional distress. Additionally, the constant moisture in the underarm area can lead to skin problems, including irritation and infection.
Fortunately, effective management and treatment options are available. One popular and successful method involves the use of anti-sweat injections, typically containing botulinum toxin. These injections work by temporarily blocking the chemical signals from nerves that stimulate sweat glands, resulting in a significant reduction in sweating in the treated area.
UNDERLYING CAUSES OF AXILLARY HYPERHIDROSIS
The underlying factors contributing to axillary hyperhidrosis can vary, making the exact cause unique to each individual. Genetics play a significant role, with a family history of excessive sweating indicating a higher likelihood of developing the condition.
Hormonal changes, stress, and emotional factors are potential contributors, with periods of hormonal fluctuations such as adolescence, pregnancy, or menopause being potential triggers or exacerbating factors. Medical conditions affecting hormone levels, such as hyperthyroidism or diabetes, can also lead to increased sweating.
Certain medications and substances can induce axillary hyperhidrosis, including medications for depression, pain, diabetes, and certain dietary supplements. In some cases, however, no identifiable cause is found, leading to primary hyperhidrosis, a condition in its own right unrelated to other medical conditions or medications.
BOTULINUM TOXIN INJECTIONS
Botulinum toxin injections, such as Botox and Xeomin, emerge as highly effective treatments for axillary hyperhidrosis. These injections temporarily block signals from the nervous system that trigger sweat production when injected into the underarm area, resulting in a significant reduction in sweating.
This minimally invasive procedure offers quick relief with minimal downtime, making it a convenient choice for individuals leading busy lives. The procedure is typically performed in the clinic under topical anaesthesia. Patients typically experience a noticeable decrease in underarm sweating within a week after treatment.
WHAT RESULTS CAN ONE EXPECT FROM THE INJECTION?
The effects of botulinum toxin are temporary, typically lasting four to twelve months, depending on individuals and the amount they were injected. It's important to note that men usually require more Botox units than women. The procedure is relatively quick, with no significant downtime. Some bruising and swelling around the injection site can occur but usually resolve swiftly.
The optimal choice of treatment depends on individual preferences, medical history, and the severity of the condition. Individuals considering the procedure should have a thorough consultation with an experienced plastic surgeon or dermatologist for clinical assessment and better understanding of the procedure, risks, and expected outcome.